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Tuesday, August 11, 2020 | History

3 edition of Estimating labor supply functions for married women found in the catalog.

Estimating labor supply functions for married women

T. Paul Schultz

Estimating labor supply functions for married women

by T. Paul Schultz

  • 98 Want to read
  • 5 Currently reading

Published by Rand in Santa Monica .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Married women -- Employment -- United States,
  • Labor supply -- United States,
  • Women -- Employment -- United States

  • Edition Notes

    StatementT. Paul Schultz.
    SeriesReport (Rand Corporation) -- R-1265-NIH/EDA
    ContributionsRand Corporation., National Institutes of Health (U.S.), United States. Economic Development Administration.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxvi, 114 p. ;
    Number of Pages114
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL13574683M
    OCLC/WorldCa1998214

    Both a model of labor force behavior with fixed costs of work and a statistical approach to estimating labor supply functions when such costs are present are developed. The principal finding is that the costs of work are of prime importance in determining the labor supply behavior of married women. For the average woman in the data, the minimum. The choice of a family labor supply model from those described above has generally been based on convenience or data availability rather than on firm evidence of conformance with reality. The traditional family model, for example, permits separate estimation of labor supply functions for married men and women. If data on one sex alone.

    of the labor supply, of the demand for children, and of the effects of children on labor supply across levels of education, controlling for own wage and other family-related relevant variables. We estimate the model using Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods and panel data from National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY79). UCTION. There has been an abundance of papers on female labor supply over the years, but most do not rigorously test the life-cycle model of labor supply, and none focus on the potentially important role of nonlabor income in shaping labor supply.(1) Their primary focus is on the wage elasticity, and, most recently, on the intertemporal wage elasticity.

    straints for married women. The uncompensated wage elasticity vary from (Triest ) to (Hausman ). In a survey of prominent economists in labor and public flnance, Fuchs, Krueger and Poterba () report that the mean estimate of Marshallian elasticity of labor supply is for women, with a standard deviation of In the US, both taxes and social security benefits depend on one’s marital status and tend to discourage the labour supply of the secondary earner. Using information on US cohorts born in and , this column shows that eliminating marriage-related provisions drastically increases the participation of married women over their entire life cycle and reduces the.


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Estimating labor supply functions for married women by T. Paul Schultz Download PDF EPUB FB2

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Schultz, T. Paul. Estimating labor supply functions for married women. Santa Monica: Rand, (OCoLC) Labor supply response to wage rate was positive and large for all groups; elasticity ranged from for the oldest and youngest to during ages 35 to Response to husband's wage ranged from to.

Free shipping for non-business customers when ordering books at De Gruyter Online. Overview; Content; Contact Persons; Book Book Series. Previous chapter. Next chapter. Chapter 1. Estimating Labor Supply Functions for Married Women Schultz, T.

Paul. 30,00 € / $ / £ Get Access to Full Text. Citation Information. Female Labor. Downloadable. Women make up a little over half the world’s population, but their contribution to the labor force is far below its potential, with serious macroeconomic consequences.

Despite a recent progress, labor markets across the globe remain divided along gender lines, and female LFP remains lower than the participation of their male counterparts. Juhn and Murphy: w Wage Inequality and Family Labor Supply: Heckman and MaCurdy: w New Methods for Estimating Labor Supply Functions: A Survey: Gangadharan, Rosenbloom, Jacobson, and III: w The Effects of Child-Bearing on Married Women's Labor Supply and Earnings: Using Twin Births as a Natural Experiment: Fogli and Veldkamp: w Nature or Nurture?Cited by: Book Book Series.

Previous chapter. Next chapter. Bibliography. Estimating Labor Supply Functions for Married Women; Chapter 2. Married Women's Labor Supply: A Comparison Of Alternative Estimation Procedures; Chapter 3.

Hours And Weeks In The Theory Of Labor Supply; Chapter 4. Assets And Labor Supply. At the end of World War II, only 18% of people in the US thought so. Female labor supply started to increase in the US alongside changing social norms: as more people approved of married women working, female labor force participation grew – and as approval stagnated in the 90s, so did labor.

men’s labor supply and for married women’s labor supply, although a recent study of the s by Devereux (), analyzing labor supply conditional on having positive hours, reports a cross elasticity of roughly to for women and to for men.

Downloadable. This paper undertakes a cross-country comparison of nine recent studies which estimate disaggregate labour supply functions for married women in a static framework using the Heckman method of correcting for sample selectivity bias. Comparison of the empirical results for the reduced form equations and the derived estimates of the underlying structural parameters shows that.

This paper performs a meta-analysis of empirical estimates of uncompensated labour supply elasticities. For the Netherlands, we find that an elasticity of for women and for men is a good reflection of what the literature reveals.

The elasticity for men hardly differs between countries, but for women some cross-country variation is found. A central problem in estimating married women’s labor supply functions is that no market wage is observed for women who do not work.

Several empirical approaches have been devised to deal with this problem. One approach (Kalachek and Raines, ; Boskin, ; Schultz, Chapter 1) is to use only those women who work as the sample for estimation.

women. One solution to this problem is to estimate a wage function on a sub-sample of working women to predict missing wages. However, this procedure can lead to biased parameter estimates for wage functions and hence for labor supply functions (Aigner [1], Gronau [11]).

In this paper, we derive a common set of parameters which underlie the. Estimating Labor Supply Functions for Married Women / Schultz, T. Paul --Chapter 2. Married Women's Labor Supply: A Comparison Of Alternative Estimation Procedures / Cogan, John --Chapter 3.

Hours And Weeks In The Theory Of Labor Supply / Hanoch, Giora --Chapter 4. Assets And Labor Supply / Smith, James P. --Chapter 5. New Methods for Estimating Labor Supply Functions: A Survey James J. Heckman, Thomas E. MaCurdy. NBER Working Paper No. Issued in February NBER Program(s):Labor Studies This paper surveys new methods for estimatifg labor supply functions.

Stelcner, M., and J.B. Smith Labour supply of married women in Canada: Non-convex budget constraints and the CES utility function. Working Paper No. –9, Department of Economics, Concordia University, Montreal.

Google Scholar. Using March Current Population Survey data, we investigate married women’s labor supply from to We find a large rightward shift in their labor supply function for annual hours in the s, with little shift in the s.

These shifts account for most of the slowdown in the growth of labor supply during this period. A major development was the dramatic decrease in the. CHAPTER 1. ESTIMATING LABOR SUPPLY FUNCTIONS FOR MARRIED WOMEN. PAUL SCHULTZ. YALE UNIVERSITY. Introduction. There are ample reasons to refine nonexperimental cross-sectional estimates of labor supply parameters in light of continuing advances in conceptual and statistical methodology (Cain and Watts, ).

Labour Supply Estimates for Married Women in Australia married women, tend to be more sensitive to policy changes, regularly varying their how sensitive the supply of labour is to changes in the tax and social security system.

The basis of this is to estimate hours of work as a function of the net wage rate and unearned income. eds., Income Maintenance and Labor Supply (Chicago: Rand McNally, ) summarizes many of the theoretical problems in estimating labor supply functions, particularly that of determining wages for persons who are out of the labor force.

Hall also finds that black women respond. The labour supply elasticities for year old and year old married are estimated to be andrespectively. The supply elasticity for married women aged is not significantly different from 0., – The paper shows that younger married women in Toronto are more responsive to an increase in wages than older women.

married women appears to range from toand their income elasticity appears to range from to zero. 2. Both the review in and the current review assume that unmarried women and female heads of households have labor supply responses similar to men’s. Working-age single men and women typically must work to support.married men’s labor supply and for married women’s labor supply, although a recent study of the s by Devereux (), analyzing labor supply conditional on having positive hours, reports a cross elasticity of roughly to for women and to for men.The labor supply of women is aiso of interest because of the technical questions it poses.

For example, since many women do not work, corner solutions are at least potentially a very important issue in both the theoretical and empirical analysis married women (especially those with small children)-in the labor .